What is erosion?
Coir geotextiles – Erosion is the process that wears out the earth due to environmental influences such as wind or water. This process is best known for creating canyons or rivers over the centuries. In the mining sector, we need to focus on the short-term impact of erosion on the topsoil. Any land without vegetation cover is at high risk of wind or rain blowing away the exposed topsoil and washing it away.
What is the effect of erosion on the environment?
When considering erosion control, the first thing to look at is how erosion affects the local environment and what needs to be addressed. Erosive runoff carries topsoil and potentially other hazards away from their original location. This runoff often ends up in streams and streams and can harm the existing local watercourse ecosystem. In the mining sector, we must be mindful of the “dirty land” being removed from reserved and controlled areas. Soil contaminated with heavy metals or other mining chemicals transported by waterways can have harmful effects far beyond what is expected. Once contaminated material enters the watercourse, it can move throughout the system.
Uncontaminated soil should also be handled with care so that it does not create hazards or affect the local environment. Topsoil and other detritus washed into streams can cause clogging to the point where it is even possible to change the direction of the stream or stream. In addition, the loss of topsoil poses challenges when it comes to re-vegetation in affected areas. The loss of nutrients and organisms normally present in the topsoil will inhibit the growth of all plants and create additional costs for encouraging plant growth.
Although they do not have any impact on the local environment, the potential hazards that erosion can create should also be taken into account. Erosion can wash debris onto roads or workplaces and is a potential safety hazard that should be considered in erosion control planning.
Why use coconut coir geotextiles for erosion control?
This article wants to give a little insight into a simple post-mining solution, often referred to as the reclamation of old mines. It is called a simple solution because it uses local capacity in mining areas or widely available materials in Indonesia. The material used is coconut geotextile or coconut mesh. Coconut geotextile is a mesh made from coconut fiber that has become a prima donna in the process of reclaiming mines, beaches, or forests.
Its biodegradable and sustainable nature helps facilitate the growth of new plants in a field of coconut coir geotextiles placed on the site of an old mine. The use of coconut coir geotextiles has proven its ability to green the area of old mines or bare forests. Many former mining green consultants have begun to switch to natural materials. The nature of Coir’s geotextile material, which is made up of coconut fiber and is able to retain water for a long period of time, causes the soil surface to remain covered with this material.
This can affect the structure of the soil so that it can be easily seeded with seedlings or plant seeds, as well as coco geotextile as a soil substitute at the time of planting seeds or seedlings of the plant. The benefits of this coconut fiber geotextile material are long-term, according to this source, it is able to last for about 4 years or more so that the material can flourish during the period of new vegetation growth. The use of coconut geotextile is very suitable for sloping or rocky terrain given the elastic properties of this material.